divendres, 26 de juliol de 2013

La liga española de fútbol, en caida libre.

Publiqué esta entrada en Diciembre del 2010, todo sigue igual, nada ha cambiado.

Sólo unas pocas voces disonantes se atreven a gritar lo que es una evidencia, la Liga Española de Fútbol es una fantochada, un sinsentido, un duelo entre dos rodeado de 18 sparrings, pero aquí no se cansan de repetir que es la mejor del múndo -con toda seguridad la que alberga dos de los mejores equipos del mundo-, pero el resto es vacio, la nada.

Os dejo un artículo publicado en
The Guardian, en uno de sus blogs, donde se habla de la patraña futbolística que tenemos en este país.

Algunas de las perlas del artículo:

-Intentar competir con el Barça o el Madrid es un suicidio económico, la deuda del Valencia es de 600 millones de euros, 300 el Atlético, 120 el Depor.

-2/3 de todos los aficionados al furbo del país son del Barça o el Madrid.

-Barcelona y Madrid ganan unos 120 millones de euros cada año por derechos televivos, el resto menos de 30 millones, menos que el Porstmouth.

-Los norteamericanos, padres e hijos del liberalismo brutal, reconocen que una competición debe estar igualada para ser entretenida, el resto será dos partidos al año de 38 que juega cada equipo.

Una pega que se hayan cargado el fútbol en este país, que descanse en paz.

Domination by Barcelona and Real Madrid making Spain the new Scotland

La Liga claims to be the best league in the world, but beneath the glitz of the big two and lies a very different picture

The headline was as alarmist as it was partisan. "The government," declared Spain's best-selling newspaper, "is trying to kill Spanish football." It was November 2009 and the Socialist party prime minister, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, announced an end to "the Beckham Law". The sports daily Marca, part of the right-leaning El Mundo group, was furious. Presidents of the country's biggest clubs threatened to lead a strike. At the Spanish League they were talking as if the four horsemen of the apocalypse had reared into view.

According to article 93 of law 35, originally introduced by the previous Partido Popular government in 2004, foreign executives earning more than €600,000 (£540,000) a year are taxed at 23%, rather than 43%. In theory, the aim was to encourage talent to come to Spain: in practice, following a modification in 2005, it gave Spanish football clubs, already boosted by the collapse of the pound, a huge advantage. Of the 60 people who qualify for the lower rate of tax, 43 are footballers.

Beckham was the first beneficiary of the new rate, hence the informal name. Or rather Real Madrid were, as he had agreed a net salary. Another Englishman, Jermaine Pennant, reveals the practical implications: Real Zaragoza pay him £49,200 a week; an English club would have to pay £80,000 to match his net salary. Cristiano Ronaldo's current salary would cost a Premier League club €5m more than it costs Real Madrid.

Now, suddenly, that privilege is being removed. The consequences will be dire. "If the government want a substandard league …" warned the league's vice-president, Javier Tebas.

Figures quickly emerged claiming that Spanish football generates 85,000 jobs and turns over €9,000m a year. The real cost to La Liga could be losing its hegemonic position, a "superiority" in which it revels.

"Objectively, Spanish football is the best in the world," announced the league's president, José Luis Astiazarán. "Spain won Euro 2008, Barça the European Cup, and our league's the best, superior to England." The arrival of Cristiano Ronaldo, Kaká, Karim Benzema and Zlatan Ibrahimovic last summer provided all the proof he needed. The best players in England, Italy and France had departed for Spain. More than €455m had been spent by Spanish clubs on transfers – a 72% increase, more than any other country. Ever.

But, insisted Astiazarán, those days could soon end. Never mind the fact that 43% still puts Spain's tax band below the 50% in the United Kingdom, revoking the Beckham Law will be the demise of the domestic game. "In a few years our league will be average because it won't attract the world's best," complained Tebas. "It is the end of the league of the stars." The law will be repealed from the new tax year but, at least, will not be applied retrospectively, so existing contracts are protected.

Tebas may even be right, and not only due to the Beckham Law, because beneath the glistening surface Spanish football is in crisis. According to José María Gay, Spain's leading expert on football finance and an adviser to Uefa: "La Liga is dying." The Osasuna president, Patxi Izco, admits: "I fear a financial meltdown." "Football," insists another director, "is seriously ill."

The €455m transfer spend disguises a troubling reality. Last year, despite winning the treble, Barcelona made only €8.8m and have a debt of €350m. Madrid signed €258m worth of players but only after their president, Florentino Pérez, turned to two friends who are both presidents of banks and who loaned Madrid €151.5m.

The argument is that their debts are serviceable. In fact, Pérez insists that high expenditure is necessary to generate money and Madrid have become the first club to take income beyond €400m. But doubts remain; costs outstrip income, shirt sales are lower than those of Liverpool and Chelsea; Bernabéu attendances are down 7%; and the debt stands at €683m. Publicly, Pérez insists: "Madrid must always remain a club owned by its members." Privately, the possibility of becoming a plc has been discussed.

But would that solve anything? The evidence suggests not. In the early 1990s, a new law obliged every club to become a plc, with four exceptions – Real Madrid, Barcelona, Athletic Bilbao and Osasuna, who were given special exemptions for socio-cultural reasons. Shares were issued and the slate wiped clean. It was supposed to be a panacea. The theory was simple: presidents would be more careful risking their own money. They were not. Often their fans would not let them.

"We're operating on a war economy," reveals one director, "but supporters don't see it like that. They just want to win." Jorge Pérez, the secretary of the Spanish Football Federation, admits that one director told him: "If I do a good job economically, we'll go down and they'll kill me." So he spent money he did not have. Only 8% of what football clubs spend on average can be covered by liquid assets.

Look back over the clubs who have competed in the Champions League recently and the situation is alarming: Valencia's debt is more than €600m. Like Real Madrid (who sold the their training ground for €447m to the council in 2001, wiping out their €278m debt), a property deal was supposed to be their salvation. However, the market crashed at just the wrong time. Now Valencia have two stadiums – one they cannot sell and another they cannot afford to finish building.

According to the third largest shareholder at Atlético Madrid, their debt is above €300m. Villarreal have just failed to pay their players for the first time because the ceramics industry from which their owner, Fernando Roig, makes his money has been hit hard by the crisis. Deportivo La Coruña are more than €120m in debt. Mallorca are desperately seeking a buyer and preparing for administration. Celta Vigo and Real Sociedad have been relegated and, with no parachute payment to break the fall, went into administration. Real Sociedad's president at the time was a certain Astiazarán, now the league's president.

"We need to avoid trying to compete with Madrid and Barcelona and sinking ourselves," says Ramón Monchi, sporting director at Sevilla. His club have been successful but there is concern, too: their success has been built on player sales, which requires continued success and a buoyant market. The latter has disappeared; the former depends on European qualification, hence last week's sacking of their coach, Manolo Jiménez.

In all, Gay calculates Spanish football's debt to be €3.5bn. The Spanish federation still owe the players' union €6.8m and, according to the former president of the union, Gerardo Movilla, an estimated €100m is still owed to footballers in unpaid wages. The state loses out, too: Atlético owe the tax man €15m; 50% of their transfer income is embargoed.

Michel Platini says there are five or six top-flight Spanish clubs in danger. Yet the danger is relative. The irony is that the lack of control also helps to protect the clubs from going out of business – in the short term at least.

As Spain's secretary of state for sport, Jaime Lissavetzky, puts it: "We need to be able to hand clubs yellow cards, a warning. But we have no coercive force. It's one thing taking the temperature, it's another handing out medicine." Even administration does not necessarily mean applying the brakes. While it is a last resort it is often a handy one, open to abuse. Unlike in England, there is no footballing penalty for going into administration.

The federal nature of the Spanish state, made up of autonomous communities, also offers a crutch upon which to lean. Madrid, Barcelona and Sevilla have all benefited from favourable property deals involving their local councils; Atlético plan to move to Madrid's municipally owned Olympic Stadium, selling the site upon which the Vicente Calderón stands to the council. Many clubs do not have that option: Sporting, Racing, Almería, Getafe, Deportivo, Málaga, and Valladolid all play in municipal stadiums.

Valencia have been propped up by Bancaja, their principal creditor, to whom they owe €220m and who, despite the club's mounting debt, backed a share issue to the tune of €95m. "Without them we would have gone down to Second Division B," admits their president, Manolo Llorente. Bancaja are a savings bank and they do not want to upset customers by sending their club to the wall. As one director of another savings bank puts it: "Clubs have an emotional power they use as a kind of blackmail." When Sporting Gijón went into administration, Gijón council bought their "brand image". As one insider puts it: "The council could not let us disappear; Gijón without Sporting is not Gijón."

Whether or not clubs go into administration, they can never compete with the big two. Remove Madrid and Barcelona and there was a 40% decrease in summer spending. Only five clubs spent over €5m. During the winter transfer window only three clubs spent anything. But how can you ignore Madrid and Barcelona? They are La Liga. That is the problem.

According to reliable statistics Madrid have 13.2m fans while Barcelona have 10.4m. Valencia are third with 2.1m. Nearly two-thirds of all football fans in Spain support one of the big two. And supporters of other clubs almost invariably choose Madrid or Barcelona as a "second" team.

The Madrid-Barça dichotomy is self-perpetuating. The media insist they are giving people what they want, that theirs is a business decision. The editor of one newspaper admits: "Every Madrid win is 10,000 more in sales." El País's match reports for Sevilla and Villarreal the day after the clásico contained a total of no words. The director of one television channel insists it would be a "disaster" for the channel if anyone other than Madrid or Barça won the league.

The dominance is felt most on TV – and that is the crux of the issue, the precarious foundation upon which Spanish football is built. Unlike elsewhere – and even Italy is going collective – Spanish clubs negotiate individual television deals. "The lack of a centralised deal is the biggest problem we face," Tebas says. The reason is clear. Madrid and Barcelona will earn approximately €120m in rights each year until 2013. Last season's third-placed side, Sevilla earn around €20m; Valencia, currently third, make under €30m – less than Portsmouth. Right throughout the league, the imbalance is extraordinary. Competing is impossible.

The problem is the league are powerless to impose a collective deal, although they continue trying. Just as their plans – announced last week – to impose salary cuts and wage limits on clubs can only get the go-ahead if the clubs themselves, and Madrid and Barcelona in particular, agree to them.

"It's not normal to have two clubs earning 15 times more," says Villarreal's Roig, "and it's going to be very hard to get the clubs to agree to change now. There's no unity, the league has a very difficult role. I'm not worried about Sheikhs [pumping money into England], I'm worried about our own organisation."

An insider at Sevilla adds: "The mentality of every club is always purely selfish and we're not sure that it would be beneficial for us [to campaign for change]. If we push for unity we might lose our position as the third or fourth biggest club: we could get closer to Madrid and Barcelona, but we would also see smaller clubs come closer to us."

Perhaps the most fearful remark about La Liga's "big two" problem comes from Sevilla's sporting director, Monchi. "Spain," he says "reminds me of Scotland."

In 2008, the then British culture secretary Andy Burham warned of the risk of the Premier League becoming too predictable. "In the US, the most free-market country in the world, they understand that the equal distribution of money creates genuine competition," he said. Spain provides further proof from the other end of the scale. But few see it and few debate it – after all, much of the media lives off the duopoly too.

One headline in Spain recently declared: "La Liga becomes the best in Europe." The "evidence" was two-fold: Madrid and Barcelona's place at the head of Deloitte & Touche's rich list; and the "big two" racking up more points than any other team in Europe. A closer read suggests the exact opposite. Madrid and Barcelona were at the top but there was not one other Spanish club among the leading 20 and their points totals – a record at both clubs – suggest that while they are good sides, maybe the teams they are playing against are not. Valencia, third going into this weekend, were 18 points behind. No other major league has such a gap.

"We need to recognise that the smaller clubs are necessary for the competition," says Roig. "After all, 15 clásicos at the Bernabéu and 15 at the Camp Nou would be a bit boring wouldn't it?"

Some of his counterparts believe it is already too late.

Eduardo Bandrés, a former president of Real Zaragoza, says: "This is the dullest league in the world."

divendres, 19 de juliol de 2013

¿Bodas del futuro o actuales?


dimecres, 17 de juliol de 2013

Así entendemos aquí La Libertad


dilluns, 15 de juliol de 2013

La CIA en Facebook


divendres, 12 de juliol de 2013

La oposición al nazismo dentro de Alemania

La oposición al nazismo dentro de Alemania por Javier Bilbao

El cuatro de septiembre de 1943 tres agentes de la Gestapo se presentaron en una casa situada en la localidad de Wehrda, donde el matrimonio formado por Georg y Anneliese Groscurth pasaba unos días de vacaciones. Tras ser detenidos, a Georg lo enviaron a la prisión de Brandemburgo. Allí lo torturaron en busca de información y posteriormente fue juzgado y condenado por un tribunal del Reich. Finalmente el ocho de mayo del siguiente año murió ejecutado en la guillotina. ¿Pero cuál fue su delito?

Georg Groscurth era un médico de gran reputación, que contribuyó decisivamente al desarrollo de algunos fármacos y tuvo pacientes de gran influencia, como Rudolf Hess, uno de los más estrechos colaboradores de Hitler (al menos hasta que se lanzó en paracaídas sobre el Reino Unido en plena guerra en una demencial misión diplomática). Detestaba el antisemitismo que se había instaurado en Alemania con gran virulencia desde hacía unos años, y precisamente la protección que creía que le brindaban tales contactos, junto a su prestigio profesional, es lo que le dio el arrojo necesario para fundar en 1939 junto a varios amigos la organización secreta Unión Europea. Un grupo de resistencia antinazi que ofreció protección a judíos y disidentes políticos de la persecución del régimen, proporcionándoles un escondite y documentación falsa para su huida. Asimismo, en su condición de médico Georg hizo todo lo que estuvo a su alcance para sabotear la maquinaria de guerra nazi, declarando inhábiles para el servicio militar a los pacientes que le encargaban evaluar e incluso promovió la organización de la resistencia entre los soldados rusos prisioneros. Pero el paso que llevaría al grupo a la perdición fue la difusión de octavillas con la ayuda de una pequeña imprenta en las que exponían su ideario: la caída del fascismo en toda Europa, el restablecimiento de los derechos fundamentales democráticos, el socialismo sin dictadura estalinista y la unión política de todos los países europeos. Con ese gesto fueron demasiado lejos y pusieron a las autoridades tras su pista, su caída sería cuestión de semanas

Terminar de leer en JOT DOWN.


dimecres, 10 de juliol de 2013

Nos espían


dilluns, 8 de juliol de 2013



dimecres, 3 de juliol de 2013

6a Jornada Literària de Cornudella de Montsant:

Tindrà lloc el dia 6 de Juliol, per la tarda a Cornudella de Montsant.
Àngel Lluís Carrillo

Va néixer a Cornudella de Montsant un plujós 17 de febrer de 1971. Treballa de metge de família i ja portava a les espatlles tres novel·les publicades: Fresas y melocotones, Tarrako, i Placaje Alto. A l’última novel·la, Tenir-ho tot, en Xavi és un economista que ha sigut acusat de malversació i estafa, està esperant judici en un castell escocès i, des d’aquest, ens explica com va anar la seva vida fins a arribar aquí. Una travessia pel costat més fosc de l’ànima.

Yannick Garcia

(Amposta, 1979) Tan aviat esi dedica en cos i ànima a l’escriptura, com el fa emprenyar i en renega com d’un fill bord. Amb el poemari De dalt i de baix (2003), guanyà el II Premi de Poesia Gabriel Ferrater. Després s’entregà a la narrativa, i rebé el XX Premi de Narrativa de l’Ametlla de Mar amb el recull Barbamecs (2011). De professió és intèrpret simultani, traductor i corrector per a editorials. I així van passant-li els anys. Cau un altre cop als braços de la literatura, se n’allunya, hi torna… I l’idil·li continua perquè creu que val la pena.

Glòria Llobet

Llegir i escriure, juntament amb viatjar, són les seves passions per omplir les hores de lleure. Fa més de trenta anys que treballa de mestra i és mare de dos fills que ara ja no la necessiten gaire perquè han tingut temps de fer-se grans. Té una quinzena de novel.les publicades, nou d'elles adreçades a lectors joves i la resta han estat pensades per a un públic adult. La seva darrera obra, "D'Àger a Katmandú", va obtenir el Premi Pollença.

Jordi Llavina

Gelida, 1968. Llicenciat en Filologia catalana i treballa com a periodista. ha publicat els llibres de relats Ningú ha escombrat les fulles i Londres nevat, i els poemaris La corda del gronxador, Diari d’un setembrista, País de vent i Vetlla, premi Vicent Andrés Estellés. També harebut els premis Josep Pla i el de la Crítica Serra d’Or. La novel·la El llaütista i la captarire és una història sobre la complexitat de les relacions personals. Un autèntic tour de force literari sobre l’altre, la parella, l’amor, la pèrdua de les il·lusions i el pas inexorable del temps.

Roger Vilà

Amb arrels s'endinsen al Vallès, on va néixer, i al Montsant, on passà molts estius d’infantesa. Si la primera era una comarca de turons i camps delimitats per marges, el segon és un país farcit de murs de pedra seca. La seva primera novel·la estava predestinada a parlar dels marges. Parla del Vallès en passat i del Montsant en present. Aquell Vallès existeix a penes; aquest Montsant és més viu que ma, i per això a Marges l'ha volgut convertir en personatge de la novel·la, al costat d'un home arribat a la quarantena que passa un estiu en un mas de la serra.

Genís Sinca

Periodista i novel.lista alhora, o una persona amb dos caps, que quan en perd un, l'altre tira endavant. Guanyar-se la vida en català té aquestes coses, i no és pas dolent. Biografies, memòries, articles, novel.la... fa de tot. 'Una família exemplar' (Premi Josep Pla 2013) és una sàtira sobre les convencions familiars que tothom ha passat o passarà. Una càrrega de profunditat sobre el valor de l'individu per mantenir-se ferm i fer prevaler les seves conviccions i no deixar-se fascinar per xerraires, venedors de brillants, ni pel diner fàcil. Tots hem conegut al gendre perfecte... Aneu amb compte amb aquest tipus de personatges: són perillosos.

Josep Manel Vidal

(l’Alcúdia de Crespins, 1965). Ésser humà a jornada completa. Docent, idealista, i enverinat de paraules, que ocupa part del seu desfici al blog “filant prim”. “El teu nom és un ésser viu” (Alzira, 2011) és un recorregut pel petit univers que atresorem, aquell inventari imperfecte de detalls de les persones estimades que van prenent cos en cada objecte o en cada efecte del trànsit de les hores. Una relació emocional establerta al caprici dels afectes. Cada text que trobarem ens dirà que encara hi ha un ésser vivent, bategant i famolenc, que es nodreix, com una fera, de tot el que fem.

A més, també es presentarà la revista Lo Violí, Anton Dalmau recitarà una selecció de poemes de Salvador Espriu, i jo mateix amb David Espinós actuarem amb els nostres Relats a recer d'una guitarra.


dilluns, 1 de juliol de 2013

Mujer Real

Con una mujer real aquí, ¿porqué entras en internet para discutir?